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U.S. Grant Civil War Scenes
"The tide of patriotism that surged through the North after the fall of Fort Sumter in April, 1861, lifted many strong but discouraged men out of their plight of hard conditions and floated them on to better fortune. Grant was one of these. At last he found reason to be glad that he had the education and experience of a soldier. 

On Monday, April 15, 1861, Galena learned that Sumter had fallen. The next day there was a town meeting, where indignation and devotion found utterance. Over that meeting Captain Grant was called to preside, although few knew him. Elihu B. Washburn, the representative of the district in Congress, and John A. Eawlins, a rude, self-educated lawyer, who had been a farmer and a charcoal burner, made passionate, fiery speeches on the duty of every man to stand by the flag. At the close of that meeting Grant told his brothers that he felt that he must join the army, and he did no more work in the shop. How clearly he perceived the meaning of the conflict was shown in a letter to his father-in-law, wherein he wrote: "In all this I can see but the doom of slavery." 

He was offered the captaincy of the company formed in Galena, and declined it, although he aided in organizing and drilling the men, and accompanied them to the state capital, Springfield. As he was about starting for home, he was asked by Governor Richard Yates to assist in the adjutant-general's office, and soon he was given charge of mustering in ten regiments that had been recruited in excess of the quota of the State, under the President's first call, in preparation for possible additional calls. His knowledge of army forms and methods was of great service to the inexperienced state officers.”

From: Ulysses S. Grant by Walter Allen, published in 1901
Source says not in copyright 

Image of General U.S. Grant via Library of Congress, no known restrictions
Ulysses S. Grant and Family at Long Branch, New Jersey 

c. 1870

by Pach Brothers via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
"There had to be an end of slavery.”

- Ulysses S. Grant 

Image: General Grant c. 1862 via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Ulysses S. Grant writing his memoirs at his cottage less than a month before his death.

Mount McGregor near Saratoga Springs, New York

- 1885

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
On August 22nd, 1848 Ulysses S. Grant married Julia Dent in St. Louis, Missouri.

Image: Ulysses S. Grant with his wife Julia and their son Jesse c. 1872 via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
President Grant seated. His wife Julia standing over him with her arm on his shoulder and others at Bishop Haven's on Clinton Avenue at Oak Bluffs on Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts.

- 1874

Apparently this home where the photo was taken, where Grant stayed, can be rented...

Image via Digital Commonwealth Massachusetts Collections Online, no known restrictions
Massaponax Church, Virginia "Council of War": General Ulysses S. Grant examining map held by General George G. Meade

- 1864

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Ulysses S. Grant during the Mexican-American war

c. 1847

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
General Ulysses S. Grant and five other men on Lookout Mountain, Tennessee


Grant is standing on the lower left 

Photo via Library of Congress, no known restrictions
“He arrived on the 8th of March, and going to a hotel waited, unrecognized, until the throng of travelers had registered, and then wrote, simply, "U. S. Grant and son, Galena." The next day, at 1 o'clock, he was received by President Lincoln in the cabinet-room of the White House. There were present, by the President's invitation, the members of the cabinet, General Halleck, and a few other distinguished men. After introductions the President addressed him as follows : — 

"General Grant, — The expression of the nation's approbation of what you have already done, and its reliance on you for what remains to be done in the existing great struggle, are now presented with this 
commission, constituting you lieutenant-general in the army of the United States. With the high honor, devolves on you an additional responsibility. As the country herein trusts you, so, under God, it will sustain you. I scarcely need to add, that with what I here speak for the nation goes my own hearty personal concurrence." 

General Grant made the following reply
"Mr. President, — I accept the commission with gratitude for the high honor conferred. With the aid of the noble armies that have fought on so many battlefields for our common country, it will be my earnest endeavor not to disappoint your expectations. I feel the full weight of the responsibilities now devolving upon me; and I know that if they are met, it will be due to those armies; and, above all, to the favor of that Providence which leads both nations and men." 

The next day he was assigned to the command of all the armies, with headquarters in the field. He made a hurried trip to Culpeper Court House for a conference with General Meade, commanding the Army of the Potomac; but would not linger in Washington to be praised and feted.”

From: Ulysses S. Grant by Walter Allen, 
Published in 1901
Source says not in copyright
18th President of The United States & Commanding General of the United States Army Ulysses S. Grant was born on April 27th, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio.

Famous Grant Quote from 1863:
“God gave us Lincoln and Liberty, let us fight for both.”

Image of Grant from 1863:
The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Photography Collection, The New York Public Library. "Grant" New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed April 27, 2019.
No known restrictions
General U.S. Grant with his horse 

via Library of Congress, no known restrictions
Ulysses S. Grant and Alexander Hays in 1845 when they were...(starting for The Mexican War)

via Library of Congress, no known restrictions
Ulysses S. Grant was born on April 27th, 1822
in Point Pleasant, Ohio.

Image by Mathew Brady
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant (seated) and staff of fourteen

By Mathew Brady 

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Ulysses S. Grant (Major General)

- 1863 

From Missouri History Museum via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
"It was intensely humiliating to the old soldier to 
learn that he had been the decoy of a sharper. It 
was very bitter to reflect that not only was his own 
fortune swept away, but also the savings of those 
who had trusted him. "Financially, the Grant 
family is ruined for the present, and by the most 
stupendous frauds ever perpetrated," he wrote to 
his sister, at the same time sending a message to 
"Aunt Jennie," whose fortune had been lost in the 
crash, that she should always have a home with 
him. But for a time absolute privation threatened. 
When the failure came, Grant and his wife had but 
a few hundreds in cash, and as a separate income 
for Mrs. Grant, purchased by some friends, stopped at this time because of a default in bond interest, the harassed family was in great distress. Fortunately, there were still friends. One gentleman sent him a check for one thousand dollars, as an indefinite loan, on account of services rendered "prior to 1865." The Mexican Ambassador insisted upon the acceptance of a like amount. With this generous aid, the crisis was tided over, until some houses in Washington, belonging to Mrs. Grant, could be sold. 

One thing hung heavily on the General's conscience. William H. Vanderbilt had made a personal loan to him, and Grant insisted that this debt should be discharged. All of his property at St. Louis and Chicago was deeded to Mr. Vanderbilt, and eventually all of his personal property, including the unique collection of gifts, souvenirs, swords, etc., collected during the trip around the world. 

Mr. Vanderbilt insisted upon returning this collection to Mrs. Grant, but the General refused, and eventually, with the consent of both, it became the property of the nation. 

While Grant was thus facing ruin, and the anguish which came from bitter criticism, he was also 
engaged in the opening skirmish of the last battle 
of his life. On Christmas, 1883, he had fallen on the 
ice, and there had been a rupture of a muscle in the thigh. He was slow in recovering, and for months he could walk only with the aid of crutches. When the failure came, he was still far from well, although able to travel around the city. When the first storm of criticism had passed, Grant began to consider the necessity of earning a livelihood, so as to at least accumulate a competence for his wife. It is again one of the unique contrasts of life that this man, who had held most exalted positions, and had so recently been received on terms of equality by the sovereigns of Europe and Asia, was now to become a bread-winner. Fortunately, there was 
available a line of work for which he had a special, 
although undiscovered, talent, and in which his 
peculiar knowledge was needed by the world. 

Many publishers had endeavored to persuade 
Grant to write out his memories of the war, but the pressure of other things and a failure to recognize his ability for the work had led him to refuse. In the days of his prosperity, he had written but one magazine article, in advocacy of a re-hearing in the case of General Fit John Porter. But when money was needed, the idea of writing assumed a more favorable aspect. Two articles, on Shiloh and Vicksburg, were written for the Century Magazine, and their reception, as evidenced by a substantial check from the publisher, far in excess of the amount of their agreement, was strong evidence that the public would welcome a complete account of Grant's experiences. Finally, Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain), who was then a member of the publishing firm of Charles L. Webster & Company, secured his signature to a contract, and the great work began.”

From: Ulysses S. Grant
by Franklin Spence Edmonds, published in 1915.
Source says not in copyright 

Image: Ulysses S. Grant and Family
via NYPL Digital Collections, no known restrictions
“Lieutenant General Grant and staff”

Photographed sometime between 1861-1865

via Library of Congress, no known restrictions
"Peabody Fund Committee: William Aiken, Governor, S.C.; Admiral David G. Farragut; Hon. Hamilton Fish, N.Y.; Gen. Ulysses S. Grant; Bishop McIlvane; George B. Westmore, R.I.; Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, Mass.”

- Early 1860s

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
“Although a soldier by profession, I have never felt any sort of fondness for war, and I have never advocated it, except as a means of peace.”

- Ulysses S. Grant 

Image: Ulysses S. Grant, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly right, in oval within frame
created March 27th, 1885 via Library of Congress, no known restrictions
"There are many men who would have done better than I did under the circumstances in which I found myself. If I had never held command; if I had fallen, there were 10,000 behind who would have followed the contest to the end and never surrendered the Union.”

- Ulysses S. Grant 

From: A personal history of Ulysses S. Grant, illustrated by thirty-two engravings, fac-similes of letters from Grant, Lincoln, Sheridan, Buckner, Lee, etc..
Published in 1885
Source says not in copyright 

Image: President Grant by Mathew Brady via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Ulysses S. Grant and members of his staff during the American Civil War

c. 1864

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
"When I was seven or eight years of age, I began hauling all the wood used in the house and shops. I could not load it on the wagons, of course, at that time, but I could drive, and the choppers would load, and some one at the house unload. When about eleven years old, I was strong enough to hold a plough. From that age until seventeen I did all the work done with horses, such as breaking up the land, furrowing, ploughing corn and potatoes, bringing in the crops when harvested, hauling all the wood, besides tending two or three horses, a cow or two, and sawing wood for stoves, etc., while still attending school. For this I was compensated by the fact that there was never any scolding or punishing by my parents; no objection to rational enjoyments, such as fishing, going to the creek a mile away to swim in summer, taking a horse and visiting my ​grandparents in the adjoining county, fifteen miles off, skating on the ice in winter, or taking a horse and sleigh when there was snow on the ground.”

- Ulysses S. Grant from his Personal Memoirs 

Image via NYPL Digital Collections, no known restrictions
"In the fifth descending generation my great grandfather, Noah Grant, and his younger brother, Solomon, held commissions in the English army, in 1756, in the war against the French and Indians. Both were killed that year.

My grandfather, also named Noah, was then but nine years old. At the breaking out of the war of the Revolution, after the battles of Concord and Lexington, he went with a Connecticut company to join the Continental army, and was present at the battle of Bunker Hill. He served until the fall of Yorktown, or through the entire Revolutionary war. He must, however, have been on furlough part of the time--as I believe most of the soldiers of that period were--for he married in Connecticut during the war, had two children, and was a widower at the close. Soon after this he emigrated to Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, and settled near the town of Greensburg in that county. He took with him the younger of his two children, Peter Grant. The elder, Solomon, remained with his relatives in Connecticut until old enough to do for himself, when he emigrated to the British West Indies.

Not long after his settlement in Pennsylvania, my grandfather, Captain Noah Grant, married a Miss Kelly, and in 1799 he emigrated again, this time to Ohio, and settled where the town of Deerfield now stands. He had now five children, including Peter, a son by his first marriage. My father, Jesse R. Grant, was the second child--oldest son, by the second marriage.

Peter Grant went early to Maysville, Kentucky, where he was very prosperous, married, had a family of nine children, and was drowned at the mouth of the Kanawha River, Virginia, in 1825, being at the time one of the wealthy men of the West.

My grandmother Grant died in 1805, leaving seven children. This broke up the family. Captain Noah Grant was not thrifty in the way of "laying up stores on earth," and, after the death of his second wife, he went, with the two youngest children, to live with his son Peter, in Maysville. The rest of the family found homes in the neighborhood of Deerfield, my father in the family of judge Tod, the father of the late Governor Tod, of Ohio. His industry and independence of character were such, that I imagine his labor compensated fully for the expense of his maintenance.”

From: Chapter 1 of Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant by Ulysses S. Grant.

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
General Ulysses S. Grant and Staff of Twelve

- early 1860s

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Unconditional Surrender Grant 

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
"I propose to fight it out on this line, if it takes all summer.”

- Ulysses S. Grant 

Image: The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Print Collection, The New York Public Library. "U.S. Grant - Portraits" New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed April 12, 2020.
No known restrictions
"I travelled through the Northwest considerably during the winter of 1860–1. We had customers in all the little towns in south-west Wisconsin, south-east Minnesota and north-east Iowa. These generally knew I had been a captain in the regular army and had served through the Mexican war. Consequently wherever I stopped at night, some of the people would come to the public-house where I was, and sit till a late hour discussing the probabilities of the future. My own views at that time were like those officially expressed by Mr. Seward at a later day, that “the war would be over in ninety days.” I continued to entertain these views until after the battle of Shiloh.”

- Ulysses S. Grant from his Personal Memoirs 

Image via NYPL Digital Collections, no known restrictions

In the following October, the following correspondence passed between General Grant and Major-General Polk, formerly a much respected Bishop of the Episcopal Church, but subsequently one of the most bitter and unscrupulous officers of the rebel service: 

"Head-quarters, First Division, Western Department.”

"To the Commanding Officer at Cairo and Bird’s Point: 

"I have in my camp a number of prisoners of the Federal army, and am informed there are prisoners belonging to the Missouri State troops in yours. I propose an exchange of these prisoners, and for that purpose send Captain Polk, of the Artillery, and Lieutenant Smith, of the Infantry, both of the Confederate States Army, with a flag of truce, to deliver to you this communication, and to know your pleasure in regard to my proposition. 

"The principles recognized in the exchange of prisoners effected on the third of September, between Brigadier-General Pillow, of the Confederate Army, and Colonel Wallace, of the United States Army, are those I propose as the basis of that now contemplated. 

"Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

"L. Polk, 
'Major-General Commanding’ 

To this communication General Grant forwarded the 
following reply : 

"Head-quarters, Department 
"Southeast Missouri, Cairo, Oct. 14th, 1861. 

"General: — Yours of this date is just received. In regard to an exchange of prisoners, as proposed, I can of my own accordance make none. I recognize no 'Southern Confederacy' myself, but will communicate with higher authorities for their views. Should I not be sustained, I will find means of communicating with you. 

"Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

"U. S. Grant, Brigadier- General Commanding. 
"To Major-General Polk, Columbus, Ky." 

From: Illustrated life, campaigns and public services of Lieut. General Grant ... With a full history of his life, campaigns, and battles, and his orders, reports, and correspondence with the War department and the President in relation to them, published in 1865

Source says not in copyright 

Image via Library of Congress, c. 1864 no known restrictions
On April 27th, 1822 Ulysses S. Grant was born in Point Pleasant, Ohio.

Image: Ulysses S. Grant birthplace via NYPL Digital Collections, no known restrictions
Grant at The Battle of the Wilderness in Virginia in May of 1864.

There were nearly 30,000 Union and Confederate casualties over the 3 day battle.

Image via NYPL Digital Collections, no known restrictions
Nellie Grant Sartoris (the daughter of Ulysses S. Grant) and baby (possibly Julia Grant Cantacuzene, daughter of Frederick and Ida Grant.)

c. 1876

The following year on May 17th, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant, just a few months after serving as President, and his wife departed Philadelphia on a round-the-world trip.
The voyage included a visit with their daughter Nellie Sartoris who was living in England with her husband and children at the time.

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Grant In Peace 

via Digital Commonwealth Massachusetts, no known restrictions
“Gen. U.S. Grant writing his memoirs, Mount McGregor, June 27th, 1885”

via Library of Congress, no known restrictions
Interior of the Ulysses S. Grant farm house "Hardscrabble."

- 1912 

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
When Ulysses S. Grant entered West Point as a teen; he weighed less than 120 pounds and was just a few inches taller than 5 feet. 

Image: General U.S. Grant via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
General Frederick Dent Grant on horseback in front of the cabin (Hardscrabble) built by his father, Ulysses S. Grant

c. 1902

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Jesse and Hannah Grant

The parents of Ulysses S. Grant who was their first born child. 

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
When Ulysses S. Grant departed home to attend West Point, which route did he take?

“I took passage on a steamer at Ripley, Ohio, for Pittsburg, about the middle of May, 1839. Western boats at that day did not make regular trips at stated times, but would stop anywhere, and for any length of time, for passengers or freight. I have myself been detained two or three days at a place after steam was up, the gang planks, all but one, drawn in, and after the time advertised for starting had expired. On this occasion we had no vexatious delays, and in about three days Pittsburg was reached. From Pittsburg I chose passage by the canal to Harrisburg, rather than by the more expeditious stage. This gave a better opportunity of enjoying the fine scenery of Western Pennsylvania, and I had rather a dread of reaching my destination at all. At that time the canal was much patronized by travellers, and, with the comfortable packets of the period, no mode of conveyance could be more pleasant, when time was not an object. From Harrisburg to Philadelphia there was a railroad, the first I had ever seen, except the one on which I had just crossed the summit of the Alleghany Mountains, and over which canal boats were transported. In travelling by the road from Harrisburg, I thought the perfection of ​rapid transit had been reached. We travelled at least eighteen miles an hour, when at full speed, and made the whole distance averaging probably as much as twelve miles an hour. This seemed like annihilating space. I stopped five days in Philadelphia, saw about every street in the city, attended the theatre, visited Girard College (which was then in course of construction), and got reprimanded from home afterwards, for dallying by the way so long. My sojourn in New York was shorter, but long enough to enable me to see the city very well. I reported at West Point on the 30th or 31st of May, and about two weeks later passed my examination for admission, without difficulty, very much to my surprise.”

From the Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Last photograph taken of Ulysses S. Grant

- 1885

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
“General Lee, after all was completed and before taking his leave, remarked that his army was in a very bad condition for want of food, and that they were without forage; that his men had been living for some days on parched corn exclusively, and that he would have to ask me for rations and forage. I told him "certainly," and asked for how many men he wanted rations. His answer was "about twenty-five thousand;" and I authorized him to send his own commissary and quartermaster to Appomattox Station, two or three miles away, where he could have, out of the trains we had stopped, all the provisions wanted. As for forage, we had ourselves depended almost entirely upon the country for that.”

From the Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant describing discussions with General Robert E. Lee following his surrender 

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
On February 16th, 1862 Union forces took command of Fort Donelson in Tennessee. That day Ulysses S. Grant replied with the following to his old friend (now enemy) Confederate general Simon Bolivar Buckner upon the Confederate request for a truce:  

"No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted.”

Buckner was held as a POW for five months. 

Image: Grant's headquarters at Fort Donelson via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
“There did not appear to be an enemy to our right, until suddenly a battery with musketry opened upon us from the edge of the woods on the other side of the clearing. The shells and balls whistled about our ears very fast for about a minute. I do not think it took us longer than that to get out of range and out of sight. In the sudden start we made, Major Hawkins lost his hat. He did not stop to pick it up. When we arrived at a perfectly safe position we halted to take an account of damages. McPherson′s horse was panting as if ready to drop. On examination it was found that a ball had struck him forward of the flank just back of the saddle, and had gone entirely through. In a few minutes the poor beast dropped dead; he had given no sign of injury until we came to a stop. A ball had struck the metal scabbard of my sword, just below the hilt, and broken it nearly off; before the battle was over it had broken off entirely. There were three of us: one had lost a horse, killed; one a hat and one a sword-scabbard. All were thankful that it was no worse.”

- From the Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant, no known restrictions 

Image: U.S. Grant c. 1864 via The J. Paul Getty Museum, no known restrictions
Ulysses S. Grant, the first U.S. President born after the War of 1812, was born on April 27th, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio. 

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Gen. Grant's cabin, Fairmount Park in Philadelphia c. late 1800s

Grant occupied the cabin in Virginia during the Civil War but he later offered it as a gift to The City of Philadelphia. 

The decaying structure was in Faimount park for about a 100 years before it was moved back to City Point, Virginia. 

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
“In the late summer of 1854 I rejoined my family, to find in it a son whom I had never seen, born while I was on the Isthmus of Panama. I was now to commence, at the age of thirty-two, a new struggle for our support. My wife had a farm near ​St. Louis, to which we went, but I had no means to stock it. A house had to be built also. I worked very hard, never losing a day because of bad weather, and accomplished the object in a moderate way. If nothing else could be done I would load a cord of wood on a wagon and take it to the city for sale. I managed to keep along very well until 1858, when I was attacked by fever and ague. I had suffered very severely and for a long time from this disease, while a boy in Ohio. It lasted now over a year, and, while it did not keep me in the house, it did interfere greatly with the amount of work I was able to perform. In the fall of 1858 I sold out my stock, crops and farming utensils at auction, and gave up farming”

- Ulysses S. Grant from his Personal Memoirs

Image of U.S. Grant from 1862 via National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, not in copyright
So how old was Ulysses S. Grant when this famous photo of him standing by a tree in front of a tent at Cold Harbor, Virginia was taken in 1864?

Answer: 42

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
Ulysses S. Grant's U.S. Military Academy cadet coatee that he wore in 1839

Image via National Museum of American History, no known restrictions
“Fine view of General Grant's mountain home, where he passed his last days in the bracing air of Mt. McGregor, at the Drexel Cottage--The General seen in repose on the side porch; Dr. Douglas and Col. Fred Grant in consultation on the front porch”

Ulysses S. Grant: April 27, 1822 - July 23, 1885

Image via Library of Congress, no known restrictions
General Ulysses S. Grant's horse

c. 1861-1865

via Wikimedia Commons, public domain
“At the end of his second year, the student receives a furlough of sixty days for visiting his friends. It is the only one during his entire term, unless in case of extreme sickness, or some other emergency.
In June, 1841, Grant improved his by returning to Bethel, Ohio, ten miles west of Georgetown, where the family now lived. He had left Georgetown a round-shouldered lad. Now, after the first greeting, his mother exclaimed "Ulysses, you have grown much straighter." “Yes, that was the first thing they taught me," he replied. Still the effect of the teaching was not permanent. He spent the weeks of his furlough in visiting old friends, and riding out with the girls; for nature will assert herself, and the young man seemed to have outgrown his indifference to the other sex. He had also greatly improved in manners, overcome his bashfulness, and gained self-poise. For a time, in accordance with an agreement between himself and classmates to abstain from liquor for a year, he steadily refused to drink with his old friends. The object of the cadets was to strengthen by their example one of their number who was falling into bad habits.”

From: A personal history of Ulysses S. Grant
by Albert Deane Richardson, published in 1885 
Source says not in copyright

Image from a postcard showing what was the home of the family of U.S. Grant in Bethel, Ohio c. 1900-1910 via Wikimedia Commons, no known restrictions