On This Day in
American History:
March 20

An engraving of Sir Walter Raleigh parting with his wife Elizabeth Throckmorton who was a Gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber of Queen Elizabeth I

Raleigh and Throckmorton were secretly married and afterwards they spent a brief time together in The Tower of London after falling out of favor with Queen Elizabeth. (The couple didn’t ask permission from the Queen before they were wed.) 

Years later Raleigh was sent to the Tower again after being accused of plotting against the crown.

On March 20, 1616 Sir Walter Raleigh was released from the Tower of London after being imprisoned there for about thirteen years. He lived another 2 years after his release until he was beheaded. 

In American history Sir Walter Raleigh is known as the figure who funded and authorized the expedition and settlement of "The Lost Colony of Roanoke Island."

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain

Born March 20, 1811 in Augusta County, Virginia, George Caleb Bingham spent much of his life along the Missouri River. He was elected or appointed to several political offices but is best remembered for his realistic paintings of early America. Here he depicted Daniel Boone leading settlers through the Cumberland Gap.

Image via Bridgeman Art Library via Wikimedia Commons, public domain in the US.

On March 20, 1922, the U.S. Navy’s first aircraft carrier, the USS Langley was commissioned. 

Before the USS Langley became an aircraft carrier she was the USS Jupiter and was used during WWI.

Image: USS Langley during her conversion into an aircraft carrier in 1921.

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain

Harriet Beecher Stowe circa 1852  Source Bowdoin College Museum of Art via Wikimedia Commons - Public Domain

On today's date March 20, 1852: Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" or "Life Among The Lowly" was first published.

Fred McFeely Rogers, born March 20, 1928 in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, will always be known as Mister Rogers. An ordained minister, his television show ran for 33 years and his quiet demeanor reassured young viewers by addressing tough topics like loss of a pet, starting a new school, divorce, and sibling rivalry.

Inage via Wikimedia Commons, public domain in the US.

A photo of Harry A. Bolles, Captain of the rowing team in Annapolis, Maryland that was taken 100 years ago today on March 20, 1923. 

A veteran of WWI, Harry continued his service in the Navy and entered the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis after the war. Later he was a Commander during WWII. Tragically he and others were killed in a plane crash during a mission in Alaska in 1943. 

Image via Library of Congress, no known restrictions 

Born March 20, 1888 Amanda E. Clement of South Dakota was the first woman paid to umpire a semi-professional baseball game in the US. She officiated for six years in the early 1900s, earning $15 - $20 per game to help pay for college. She was also an avid athlete, competing in basketball, tennis, and track.  

Image of Amanda when she was the Instructor in Physical Training for Women at the University of Wyoming c. 1918
Source says not in copyright 

"The principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer coupled with the maximum prosperity for each employee.”

- Frederick Winslow Taylor who was born on March 20, 1856 in Philadelphia, PA.
Taylor advanced industry and manufacturing in America through his innovative management and engineering practices. 

Image: Frederick Taylor in 1873 via Wikimedia Commons, public domain

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