On This Day in
American History:
April 13

On April 13, 1846, The Pennsylvania Railroad received its charter.

Image: The Pennsylvania Express c. 1905 via Wikimedia Commons, public domain 

President Coolidge with Civil War & Spanish American War Veterans 

April 13, 1924 

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain

Eli Terry Sr., the person responsible for making clocks more readily available and affordable through mass production in the U.S., was born on April 13, 1772 in East Windsor, Connecticut.

He also invented a milling machine for producing interchangeable parts.  

Image via NYPL Digital Collections, no known restrictions 

Butch Cassidy was one of the names that Robert LeRoy Parker, born April 13, 1866, went by during his outlaw years. Riding with the Wild Bunch, he robbed trains and banks throughout the West. In the early 1900s he and Harry Longabaugh (The Sundance Kid) headed to South America and to an uncertain, legendary end.

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain in the US {PD-US}.

Former film star Phyllis Fraser, born April 13, 1916, married Random House publisher Bennett Cerf in 1940. She teamed up with Ted “Dr. Seuss” Geisel to found Beginner Books in 1957, producing the Cat in the Hat, Go, Dog. Go!, Green Eggs and Ham, the Berenstain Bears, and other classics – many of which YOU read, right?

Inage via Wikimedia Commons, Los Angeles Times, CCA 4.0 International.

On April 13, 1933, the garage apartment of Bonnie & Clyde located at 3347+1⁄2 Oak Ridge Drive in Joplin, Newton County, Missouri was raided by police. Bonnie & Clyde survived the shootout while two officers were killed. 
Despite their escape key evidence such as undeveloped photos and written items were discovered in the apartment that eventually helped lawmen track down the fugitives.  

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain 

Staff Sergeant of the US Army Military Police at Columbus, Georgia, ready to answer all calls around his area, on April 13, 1942

Image from NARA via Wikimedia Commons, public domain 

Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 in 
Shadwell, Virginia.

Quote: “I had rather be shut up in a very modest cottage with my books, my family and a few old friends, dining on simple bacon, and letting the world roll on as it liked, than to occupy the most splendid post, which any human power can give.”

Image of Thomas Jefferson via Wikimedia Commons, public domain

What did President Andrew Jackson allegedly say on the evening of April 13, 1830 during a dinner to honor the late Thomas Jefferson on the 3rd US President’s birthday?

"Our Federal Union, it must be preserved”

The words were mentioned by Jackson, a President from the South, just 31 years before the American Civil War.

Image: Engraving of Andrew Jackson via NYPL Digital Collections, no known restrictions

Prime crew and backup crew of Gemini III 

Left to right are astronauts John W. Young, Virgil I. Grissom, Walter M. Schirra Jr. and Thomas P. Stafford.

Photo taken April 13, 1964.

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain 

A system used by Alfred Mosher Butts to determine the frequency of letters in words that he gathered from various newspapers and publications.  

On today’s date, April 13, 1899, Alfred Mosher Butts, the inventor of the popular game Scrabble, was born in Poughkeepsie, New York. 

Image via Wikimedia Commons, public domain 

On April 13, 1964, Sidney Poitier won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of an unemployed construction worker who was inspired to build a chapel for European nuns in the Arizona desert in "Lillies of The Field” 

Filming on location was completed in just 2 weeks.

Image via Alamy 

American entertainer Eddie Cantor with two of his daughters Marjorie (middle) and Natalie (right) sitting on the hood of a car in the early 1920s.

On April 13, 1922, Eddie Cantor introduced the hit song “Yes! We Have No Bananas” during the musical revue "Make It Snappy" at the Winter Garden Theatre on Broadway.

Image via LOC, no known restrictions 

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